Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji the 8th Guru nominated Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji, as his successor, before he passed away on March 30, 1664. Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was the youngest son of the 6th Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji.

1.Early Life

He was born on April 1, 1621 at Amritsar. After the passing away of his 5father, Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji in 1644, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji moved to Bakala with his wife, Mata Gujri ji and mother Mata Nanki ji. He took charge of Guruship in March 1665 at the age of 44. Hymns written by him are included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Guru Sahib was a great horseback rider and extremely well trained in the use of weapons of war. He was only 13 when he participated in the 4th battle of Kartarpur Sahib along with his father.

2.Three Major periods of Guru Ji’s Life

Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji’s life may be divided into 3 periods. The first7 period   of 23 years spent at Amritsar along with his father. The second period of 19 years, spent in quiet meditation
at Bakala. And the third period of 11 years, when he extensively toured the Northern and Eastern India including what is now called Bangladesh to spread his mission. Guru Sahib founded the town of Anandpur Sahib – the city of Bliss!

3. A Great Leader & Motivator

During Guru Sahib’s times, Aurangzeb, the fanatic Mughal Emperor of 6India launched an aggressive campaign. This campaign converting Hindu religion to the Islam by force. He also ordered to destroy all Hindu Temples. He ordered to build Mosques in the place of temples. Guru Sahib cautioned all his followers to be prepared for the worst and be ready to die. At the same time he started to provide them training of arms use and told them not to worry and ask them to face the difficulties boldly.

4. Help Kashmiri Pandits

By May 1675, more than half of Kashmiri Hindu population had been4 forcefully converted to Islam. Demoralised and terrorised, a representative group of Kashmiri Pandits led by Pandit Kirpa Ram came to Anandpur Sahib Ji and approached Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji for guidance and advice. Guru Sahib told them not to worry but to send word to the Emperor that if he could convert him (Guru Sahib) to Islam,all Hindus would follow in his foot steps.

5.Guru Ji was arrested by Aurangzeb

Before long,Aurangzeb issued orders for the arrest and imprisonment of the 9th3 Guru and to bring him to Delhi. Knowing that he was not going to come back, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji passed on the responsibilities of Guruship to his 9 year old son (Guru Gobind Singh Ji) and left for Delhi.

Guru Sahib was arrested, chained and kept in an iron cage in the police Kotwali under heavy security at Chandni Chowk in Delhi. Several seasoned top most royal Muslim missionaries were deputed to persuade Guru Sahib to give up his faith and accept Islam or be prepared to die a terrible death. Guru Sahib refused to convert. To shake his resolve, three of his followers who had opted to get arrested along with him, were brutally murdered one after the other right before his eyes. Having failed to persuade Guru Sahib to give up his faith, orders were issued for his execution.

6. Shaheedi of Guru Ji 

On the evening of November 11, 1675, the 9th beloved Guru of the Sikhs, 2Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji was seated under a tree and beheaded in full public view. Following his execution, a big storm broke out, the sky was covered with dark clouds and there was lightening in the sky. Taking advantage of the situation, two brave Sikhs appeared from the surging crowd and soon Guru Sahib Ji’s severed head and body were gone. Bhai Lakhi Shah Ji managed to take Guru Sahib’s body to his house in the village of Rakab Ganj where he and his family placed Guru sahib Ji’s body inside the house and put their house on fire to avoid suspicion. On the other hand Bhai Jaitha ji picked up his beloved Guru’s bleeding head and ran towards Anandpur Sahib – about 200 miles away to hand over the Guru’s head to his son, Guru Gobind Singh ji for being cremated properly.

7. Gurdwara Sis Ganj, stands in Guru Ji’s memory

The place where Guru Sahib was executed in Chandni Chowk in Delhi, a 8magnificient marble Gurdwara Sis Ganj, stands in his memory. A beautiful white marble Gurdwara stands at the place where Guru Sahib’s body was cremated. It is known as Gurdwara Rakab Ganj (in Delhi). The location where the 9th Guru’s head was cremated by the 10th Guru Sahib in Anandpur Sahib stands a Gurdwara called Gurdwara Sis Ganj.


  1. Melly says:

    Well done to think of soiemhtng like that

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